Stogdill and Mann's Trait Findings

  • Leader trait: personal characteristic that differentiate leaders from followers
Stogdill’s and Mann’s
Ralph Stogdill in 1948 and Richard Mann in 1959
Five Traits
1. Intelligence
2. Dominance
3. Self-confidence
4. Level of energy and activity
5. Task-relevant knowledge

Leadership Prototypes

Leadership Prototype: Mental representation of the traits and behaviors possessed by leaders.
Kouzes and Posner’s research:
James Kouzes and Barry Posner
Top four traits that constitute a good leader:
1. Honesty
2. Forward Looking
3. Inspiring
4. Competent

Goleman's Research on Emotional Intelligence

Daniel Goleman
Emotional Intelligence: is the ability to manage oneself and one’s relationships in mature and constructive ways
Personal Competence
Self Awareness
Self Management
Social Competence
Social Awareness
Relationship Management

Traits of a Bad Leader

What traits are possessed by bad leaders?
1. Incompetent
2. Rigid
3. Intemperate
4. Callous
5. Corrupt
6. Insular
7. Evil